Cohort Default Rate
About the Cohort Default Rate
Federal student loan borrowers generally have to begin repaying their loans six months after graduating, leaving school, or dropping below half-time enrollment. If borrowers make no payments for any period of 270 days, or roughly 9 months, they will default on their student loans.
The U.S. Department of Education (Dept) tracks the number and percentage of federal student loan borrowers who default on their student loans within three years of entering repayment. This is the Cohort Default Rate, commonly referred to as “three-year” CDRs.
The Department of Education releases official cohort default rates for each school that is eligible to participate in the federal student loan program once per year. The current rates (FY 2018) were released in September 2021 and the FY 2019 rates should be released in September 2022. The national cohort default rate average is 7.3% while Arkansas Tech's cohort default rate is 5.8%.
Helpful Definitions for Deciphering the CDR
The three-year period that begins on October 1st of the fiscal year when the borrower enters repayment and ends on September 30th of the second fiscal year following the year in which the borrower entered repayment. This is the period during which a borrower’s default affects the school’s cohort default rate.
The fiscal year for which the cohort default rate is calculated. For example, when calculating the 2017 cohort default rate, the cohort fiscal year is FY 2017 (October 1, 2016 to September 30, 2017).
ARKANSAS TECH UNIVERSITY'S THREE-YEAR OFFICIAL COHORT DEFAULT RATES1
|Number in default||148||240||249|
|Number in repayment||2,551||2,630||2,719|
consequences of default
The consequences of defaulting can not only impact your ability to borrow but can impact your finances as well. Consequences may include the following:
- The entire unpaid balance of your loan and any interest you owe becomes immediately due.
- Your loans may be turned over to a collection agency.
- You can be sued for the entire amount of your loan.
- You will be liable for the costs associated with collecting your loan, including costs and attorney fees
- Your wages may be garnished.
- Your federal and state income tax refunds may be taken for treasury offset.
- The federal government may withhold part of your Social Security benefit payments.
- Your defaulted loans will appear on your credit history for up to 7 years after the default claim is paid.
- It make take years to reestablish a good credit record.
- You may not be able to purchase or sell assets, such as real estate.
- You will not receive additional federal financial aid until you repay the loan in full or make arrangements to repay what you already owe and make at least six consecutive, on-time, monthly payments.
- You may be ineligible for assistance under most federal benefits programs.
- You can no longer receive deferment or forbearance, and you lose eligibility for other loan repayment benefits, such as the ability to choose a specific repayment plan.
- Subsidized interest benefits will be denied.
- You may not be able to renew a professional licenses.
- You may be prohibited from enlisting in the Armed Forces.
- Your school may withhold your academic transcript until your defaulted student loan is satisfied. The academic transcript is the property of the school, and it is the school's decision - not the US Department of Education's or your loan holder's - whether to release the transcript to you.
- YOU WILL STILL OWE THE FULL AMOUNT OF YOUR LOAN.