Institutional Review Board
Any institution participating in research or sponsored programs must have an approval process in place for the use of human subjects. Please allow up to four weeks for applications to be reviewed. Applications submitted within the first seven days of the month will be reviewed by the end of the month. If the IRB committee has any questions or concerns regarding the proposal, the approval process may take longer than usual.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Per 45 CFR46.102(e)(1), "[h]uman subject means a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research:
(i) Obtains information or biospecimens through intervention or interaction with the individual, and uses, studies or analyzes the information or biospecimens;
(ii) Obtains, uses, studies, analyzes, or generates identifiable private information or identifiable specimens.
The function of the IRB is to review requests on research involving human participants and to conduct periodic reviews of human participant policies and procedures.
Per 45 CFR 46.111, the IRB “shall determine that all of the following requirements are satisfied: 1) [r]isks to subjects are minimized...; 2) [r]isks to subjects are reasonable in relation to the anticipated benefits...; 3) [s]election of subjects is equitable...; 4) [i]nformed consent will be sought from each prospective subject or the subject’s legally authorized representative, in accordance with, and to the extent required by, 45 CFT 46.116; 5) [i]nformed consent will be appropriately documented or appropriately waived in accordance with 45 CFT 46.117; 6) [w]hen appropriate, the research plan makes adequate provision for monitoring data collected to ensure the safety of subjects; and 7) [w]hen appropriate, [ensure that] there are adequate provisions to protect the privacy of subjects and to maintain the confidentiality of data."
If the IRB determines that benefits of a proposed research study outweighs the risks, they review the consent process to ensure that all potential risks and benefits are clearly identified to prospective participants and that participation is voluntary.
After the review, the IRB may elect to approve, table, or reject the research application. The committee may require protocol revision(s) and resubmission. In the event of requested revisions, the proposal must be resubmitted for IRB review and approval.
There are several activities that may involve human subjects but that are not classified as research. As such, these activities do not fall under the IRB's policies and jurisdiction. All of the types of activities listed below do not require IRB applications or approvals.
- ATU teacher and student evaluations;
- Program evaluation research to benefit ATU and carried out by ATU administrative officials and/or their designees;
- Projects designed to enhance or improve curricula offerings;
- ATU employee performance evaluations;
- State of Arkansas mandated program evaluations;
- Marketing research (designed to market the institution as a product).
If you have further questions about whether or not your research must be reviewed by the IRB, please consult the Human Subject Decision Charts: 2018 Requirements. If the decision charts do not address your question, please contact the IRB at firstname.lastname@example.org for further guidance.
COLLABORATIVE INSTITUTIONAL TRAINING (CITI)
Researchers must complete the CITI training prior to beginning their project. IRB Applications will not be reviewed without inclduing proof of CITI course completion. The Collaborative Institutional Training (CITI) is an online training module teaching research methods.
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARD
- Supernumerary Group: Dr. Tennille Lasker-Scott, email@example.com
- College of Business: Dr. Wan Wei, firstname.lastname@example.org
- College of Engineering & Applied Sciences: Dr. Ekong Peters, email@example.com
- College of Natural and Health Sciences: Dr. Melissa Darnell, firstname.lastname@example.org
- College of Education: Dr. Sarah Gordon (Chair), email@example.com
- College of Arts and Humanities: Dr. Rebecca Goldstein, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Community Member: Seth Coulter