OPT (Optional Practical Training) Basic Information
Definition of OPT
Optional Practical Training (OPT) is defined in the regulations as temporary employment to gain practical experience directly related to the student’s major field of study. OPT can be authorized at the following times:
Who is eligible for OPT?
F-1 students must have been lawfully enrolled on a full-time basis at a USCIS/DHS approved school for one full academic year before being eligible for OPT. Students in English language training are not eligible for OPT.
Where can I use OPT?
Students may engage in OPT for any employer for the duration of OPT authorized, as long as the employment qualifies under OPT standards. Training/work can be completed anywhere in the U.S. after the OPT EAD card is issued.
How long does OPT last?
Standard OPT is available for a cumulative maximum of 12 months per educational level. A one-time extension of 17 months (for a total of 29 months) is available to certain STEM degree recipients.
How many hours per week can I work?
Pre-completion OPT is limited to 20 hours per week while school is in session and the student still has coursework to complete. Full-time employment can be requested for pre-completion OPT done during official school breaks.
For post-completion OPT, a student must be employed for at least 20 hours per week. Students requesting post-completion OPT may work 40 + hours per week.
Can I work anywhere?
NO! The job must be directly related to and commensurate with the level of the student’s course of study. Please see your academic advisor / professors for questions about which jobs will apply. It is very important that you can document that the job you accept is directly related to your field of study.
Must I have an offer of employment to apply for OPT?
No offer of employment is required, but the student is expected to work while on OPT. You should keep records of all job postings, letters of invitation for interviews, letters of rejection or resume postings related to your job search. Students on post-completion OPT are limited to a maximum of 90 days of unemployment. Tech cannot find your job, but you may want to consult the Norman Career Center for assistance in searching for a job.
You must be working a minimum of 20 hours per week while on post-completion OPT. According to DHS, “students may be denied future immigration benefits that rely on the student’s valid F-1 status if DHS determines that the student exceeded the limitations on unemployment.”
To apply for a 17-month STEM extension, a student must have an offer of employment from an employer registered with E-Verify.
How do I obtain approval for OPT?
Students must apply for OPT with the assistance of International and Multicultural Student Services. An I-765 for standard post-completion OPT can be filed up to 90 days before the program end-date and up to 60 days after the program end-date.
Work can begin only after receiving the EAD issued by USCIS, and on or after the start date on the EAD.
Applications for the 17-month STEM extension must be filed before the current EAD expires.
Other Important OPT Facts
NEW Regulations Impacting OPT, Effective April 8, 2008
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued an interim final rule revising its regulations on F-1 Optional Practical Training effective April 8, 2008. The main changes are listed below:
Please keep good records for each job detailing the position you held, proof of the
duration of your employment, contact information for your supervisor or manager and
a description of your work. You should always be able to prove that you are employed
and that your job relates to your course of study.
Important Travel Information
An F-1 student engaged in post-completion OPT who travels outside the U.S. temporarily (less than 5 months) can be readmitted to resume employment for the remainder of the period authorized on his or her EAD card, if the following conditions are met:
After you have completed everything in the checklist above, please make an appointment with Yasushi Onodera or Danny Eshcol. Email Sabrina Anwar at email@example.com to schedule an appointment. You will need to bring all of the documents listed in the checklist above. Please make sure they are completed as fully as possible. At your appointment, you will be issued a new I-20 that shows you have requested OPT. Please be sure to keep all of your previous I-20’s for your records.
The IMSSO will mail your application packet to the Texas Service Center for processing.
Approximately 2 weeks after your application has been mailed, the IMSSO should receive
a Receipt Notice from USCIS showing that they have received your application and application
fee. After that, it could take anywhere from 30 to 120 days for USCIS to process your
application. This is why it is so important for you to apply early if you want to
begin work immediately following graduation.
How do I apply for the 17-month STEM Extension of OPT?
*Please make sure you apply BEFORE your OPT expires!
After you have completed everything in the checklist above, please make an appointment
with Yasushi Onodera or Danny Eshcol. Email Sabrina Anwar at firstname.lastname@example.org to schedule an appointment. You will need to bring all of the documents listed in
the checklist above. Please make sure they are completed as fully as possible. At
your appointment, you will be issued a new I-20 that shows you have requested OPT.
Please be sure to keep all of your previous I-20’s for your records.
Attention Out-of-Town Students! If you are not in the Russellville area, no problem! Please mail the complete OPT package to the IMSSO at the address listed below. PLEASE BE SURE TO INCLUDE A COVER LETTER THAT SPECIFIES THE DATE THAT YOU WISH FOR YOUR OPT TO BEGIN AND END. Also, please include your current mailing address and cell phone number. After the documents have been received, you will be contacted via your Tech email with further instructions.
Office of International & Multicultural Student Services
1507 N Boulder Avenue, Tomlinson 29
Russellville, AR 72801
For more information (OPT Policy Guidance):