1. Management Skills
The ability to manage in a wide variety of circumstances, across sectors, at the national, state and local levels, is an important skill for emergency managers. In a balanced approach to education and professional development, emergency managers acquire management and coordination skills, which equip them to deal effectively with people and projects in non-emergency and emergency situations.
2. Communication Skills
Emergency managers must be able to communicate with a high degree of proficiency both orally and in writing. Excellent communication skills are important for emergency managers on a day to day basis. And the ability to communicate effectively under pressure is of the upmost importance.
3. Leadership & Decision Making Skills Within a Team Environment
The ability to lead and to make informed, reasoned decisions in a team environment is vital to the success of any endeavor in emergency management. Decisions need to be made with the understanding of their ultimate consequences. With lives and property at stake, it is critical for emergency managers to efficiently collaborate with, and direct the efforts, of others.
4. Technical Skills, Systems & Standards
The prominence of technology in the field of emergency management necessitates emphasis on technical skills. Computer skills are essential for emergency managers from the most basic to the use of mapping, modeling, simulation, incident planning and management technologies.
5. Coordination within Political and Social Contexts
Coordination among emergency managers and emergency management entities is essential to effective preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation. Furthermore, emergency managers need to have the ability to coordinate in both political and social contexts. Emergency managers must understand political and bureaucratic aspects of emergency management. Likewise, emergency managers must understand social aspects of emergency management, including social vulnerability reduction.
6. Comprehensive Emergency Management
Understanding Comprehensive Emergency Management (CEM) and the doctrine on which it is based is foundational for emergency managers. CEM addresses preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation in an all-hazards, multi-discipline approach. The goal of CEM is to achieve resilience and continuity of operations.
7. Legal & Ethical Contexts
In conjunction with any emergency management endeavor, legal and ethical considerations must made. Therefore, emergency managers must keep abreast of significant legal and ethical issues that affect, or have the potential to affect, the field of emergency management. In addition, emergency managers must insist on ethical behavior toward all members of the community and disaster victims in particular.
8. Theory, Practical Application and Research
Emergency Management is a discipline of theory and practice theory informs practice and practice informs theory. Emergency management students: study the disciplines existing body of knowledge; practice emergency management based upon that knowledge; and in turn, contribute to the body of knowledge through theoretical and applied research.