The Anthropology curriculum concentrates on the areas of cultural anthropology. Within this subdivision, the emphasis concerns historic and contemporary cultures (ethnography) and prehistoric cultures (archeology).

The Russellville Stations of the Arkansas Archeological Survey is located on the Arkansas Tech University campus and offers traditional opportunities in the state for students interested in archeology. In addition, the Tech Museum of Prehistory and History is located at Tech and houses a large collection of artifacts from Ozark National Forest.