Undergraduate Catalog
Colleges

Department of Biological Sciences

Dr. Charles J. Gagen, Head
McEver Hall, Room 34D
(479) 968-0294
cgagen@atu.edu

Professors:
Gagen, Kellner, Kirkconnell, Nupp, Stoeckel, Wilkins, Yamashita
Associate Professors:
Bowman, J. Jackson, Jacobs, G. Johnson, Lovely, Sparacino, Tedford
Assistant Professors:
Burk, Chaney, Daniel, Still, Urbanek
Instructors:
Dalton, Lewter, Martin, Mays

The Department of Biological Sciences offers baccalaureate degrees in a wide variety of majors and options.  We also offer one minor.  These different aspects of biological science and associated faculty are organized in the following program areas:
Biology Program:
           Biology major Biomedical option
           Biology major Environmental option
           Biology major General option
           Biology minor
Fisheries and Wildlife Science Program:
           Fisheries and Wildlife Science major
Allied Health Sciences Programs:
           Health Information Management major
           Medical Technology major

Students interested in teaching biology at the secondary level should follow the suggested curriculum in Life Science for Teacher Licensure as outlined under the teacher licensure curricula in the College of Education.

Each of the bachelor of science degree programs offered by the department, with the exception of the teacher licensure curricula, requires a total of 120 hours for graduation. Except for Allied Health Science programs (AHS), which adhere to grade policies recommended by certifying associations, no more than 12 hours of “D’s” may be applied toward the baccalaureate degrees listed above. Students in the Department of Biological Sciences, except for AHS program majors, are required to take a common core consisting of: an orientation course; BIOL 1114, Principles of Biology; BIOL 2124, Zoology; BIOL 2134, Botany; an ecology course; a physiology course; and a seminar course. These same students are required to take MATH 1113, College Algebra, plus two additional math oriented courses above that level. Courses in computer science, chemistry, and physics are also required. The following descriptions of individual degree programs include specific descriptions and requirements.

Graduating seniors, except those in AHS programs, will be required to take the Major Field Assessment Test (MFAT) in Biology as part of the assessment plan for the department. Students will take the test during the last few weeks of the semester of planned graduation.

Biology Program

Dr. Bruce Tedford, Director
McEver Hall, Room 116
(479) 968-0362
btedford@atu.edu

The baccalaureate degree program in biology is designed to prepare students for a wide range of career opportunities. It also provides a solid foundation for those wanting to pursue specialization at the graduate level. Specific course requirements are outlined in the following curricula; whereas, more general guidelines are in the previous section.

Arkansas Tech University is affiliated with the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL) at Ocean Springs, Mississippi. With prior departmental approval, Arkansas Tech University students may enroll in marine biology courses at GCRL, with the credits applied toward the biology degree at Arkansas Tech. This affiliation makes possible a concentration in marine biology.

Biomedical Option

The Biomedical Option is designed for students wishing to study medicine, dentistry, physical therapy, and related fields of specialization.   Thus, graduates typically apply to a medical school of some type or a graduate program such as physical therapy.  However, while the specified curriculum is well-suited to these studies, professional schools do not specify that entering students have particular majors or options.  Graduates who complete the degree option yet do not enter a medical or graduate school program should be prepared for a variety of employment opportunities especially in biomedical or biotechnology-related laboratories.

Curriculum in Biology
Biomedical Option

Suggested Sequence of Courses
Freshman
Fall Spring
ENGL 10131 3 ENGL 10231 3
MATH 1113 or MATH 1914 3-4 CHEM 2134 4
CHEM 2124 4 BIOL 2124 4
BIOL 1011 1 COMS Elective 3
BIOL 1114 4
Total Hours 15-16 Total Hours 14
 
Sophomore
Fall Spring
Speech 3 SOC 1003 or PSY 2003 3
Social Sciences1 3 MATH 2914 or other MATH higher than MATH 1113 3-4
CHEM 3254 4 CHEM 3264 4
BIOL 2014 4 BIOL 3074 4
BIOL 2134 4
Total Hours 18 Total Hours 14-15
 
Junior
Fall Spring
Fine Arts & Humanities1 6 U.S. History/Government1 3
PHYS 2014 4 PHYS 2024 4
BIOL 3034 4 BIOL 3114 or BIOL 4094 4
Cellular Elective2 3-4 Statistics3 3
Total Hours 17-18 Total Hours 14
 
Senior
Fall Spring
Elective6 3 BIOL 4891  
* Elective (see advisor to select two courses from each column below) 12-16 Electives5 (as needed to reach a total of 120 hours for graduation) 5-12
   
Total Hours 15-19 Total Hours 6-13
*Select4 six to eight hours from: *Select4 six to eight hours from
BIOL 3054 4 BIOL 3024 4
BIOL 4023 3 BIOL 3064 4
BIOL 4033 3 BIOL 3803 3
BIOL 4074 4 BIOL 4054 4
BIOL 4951-4 1-4 BIOL 4083 3
CHEM 3344 4 BIOL 4951-4 1-4
CHEM 3363 3 NUR 2303 3
 
1See appropriate alternatives or substitutions in "General Education Requirements".
2Cellular electives include the first four courses listed in the left-hand column above..
3See advisor for alternatives.
4See catalog to assure pre-requisites are met.
5At least 40 of the total hours required for graduation must be 3000-4000 level courses.
6Select from AHS 2013, PE 2513, PHIL 3103, PSY 3063, SOC 4053 or SOC 4183.

 

Environmental Option

The Environmental Option is designed to cover the aspects of biology, chemistry, and earth science most applicable to employment, consultation, or graduate studies in environmental protection and remediation.  Consequently, the overall curriculum and many of the individual courses are interdisciplinary.  Furthermore, the program specifically provides opportunities for students to interact with others who are following the Environmental Option associated with Chemistry and Geology majors.     

Curriculum in Biology
Environmental Option

Degree Completion Plan Beginning in Fall Semester
Freshman
Fall Spring
ENGL 10131,T 3 ENGL 10232,T 3
MATH 1113T 3 Social Sciences1,T 3
BIOL 1004/PHSC 1004 4 U.S. History/Government1,T 3
BIOL 1011 1 BIOL 2124 4
BIOL 1114T 4 Statistics5,T 3
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 16
 
Sophomore
Fall Spring
ENGL 2053 3 Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3
Social Sciences1,T 3 Social Sciences/Fine Arts/Humanities/Speech1,T 3
CHEM 2124 4 CHEM 2134 4
BIOL 2134 4 BIOL 2111/CHEM 2111/GEOL 2111 1
Elective3 3
Total Hours 14 Total Hours 14
 
Junior
Fall Spring
CHEM 3254 4 CHEM 3264 4
PHYS 2014T 4 PHYS 2024 4
BIOL 3043 3 BIOL 3111/CHEM 3111/GEOL 3111 1
BIOL 3124 or BIOL 3174 4 BIOL 3114/FW 3114 or BIOL 40942 4
Electives3 3-4
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 16-17
 
Senior
Fall Spring
CHEM 3353 3 Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3
BIOL 3034 4 CHEM 3313 3
BIOL 3054 4 BIOL 4024 4
Math Elective4 3-4 BIOL 4111/CHEM 4111/GEOL 4111 1
BIOL Elective (3000-4000 level) 4
Total Hours 14-15 Total Hours 15
 
1See appropriate alternatives or substitutions in "General Education Requirements". ECON 2003 and SOC 1003 are recommended for Social Science courses.
2Coastal Ecology (BIOL 4094) which is offered during the May mini-term can serve as an alternative to BIOL 3114.
3Recommended electives include: AGSS 2014, ANTH 2103, FW 4014, FW 4034, GEOL 1014 and GEOL 3153, POLS 2013, SPH 2003, SOC 3033, or SOC 3113 (but also see the following footnote, relative to calculus).
4FW 3173 or MATH 2914 is recommended if you are considering graduate school in this field. Furthermore,MATH 2924 should be considered for a general elective. Otherwise MATH 2243 is recommended.
5MATH 2163, PSY 2053, or SOC 2053
TDesignates a block of courses that would provide for a seamless transfer into this program if equivalent courses are taken at another college or university.

 

General Option

The General Option is the most flexible and is recommended for students who do not wish to specialize in biomedical or environmental fields.

Curriculum in Biology
General Option

Degree Completion Plan Beginning in Fall Semester
Freshman
Fall Spring
ENGL 10131,T 3 ENGL 10231,T 3
Social Sciences1,T 3 Social Sciences1,T 3
MATH 1113T 3 Physical ActivityT 2
BIOL 1011 1 BIOL 2124 or BIOL 2134 4
BIOL 1114 4 Any COMST 3
Total Hours 14 Total Hours 15
 
Sophomore
Fall Spring
U.S. History/Government1,T 3 SPH 2003 3
CHEM 2124T 4 CHEM 2134T 4
BIOL 2124 or BIOL 2134 4 BIOL 3034 4
Math Elective2 3 Biology ElectiveT 4
Elective5,T 3
Total Hours 17 Total Hours 15
 
Junior
Fall Spring
CHEM 3254 4 CHEM 3264 4
PHYS 2014 4 PHYS 2024 4
BIOL 31143 4 Biology Elective (3000-4000 level) 4
Math Elective2 3 Elective5,T 4
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 16
 
Senior
Fall Spring
Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3 Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3
Physiology or Cellular Elective4 3-4 Physiology or Cellular Elective4 3-4
Biology Elective4 3-4 BIOL 4891 1
Elective5,T 5 Biology Elective4 3-4
Elective5,T 2
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 13
 
1See appropriate alternatives or substitutions in "General Education Requirements".
2Six hours of mathematics above MATH 1113 (courses in the areas of statistics and calculus or statistics and biostatistics (FW 3173)are recommended).
3Coastal Ecology (BIOL 4094) which is offered during the May mini-term can serve as an alternative to BIOL 3114 in the Biology major.
4The physiology choices include: Human Physiology (BIOL 3074), General Physiology (BIOL 3124), Physiological Ecology (BIOL 3174) Endocrinology (BIOL 4014);whereas, choices in the area of cell or molecular biology include: Cell Biology (BIOL 4033), Molecular Genetics (BIOL 4074), Microbiology (BIOL 3054), Immunology (BIOL 4023). One in each area is required. Other alternatives must be approved by your advisor and Department Head. Each 3-hour selection in one of these areas must be balanced by 4-hours (rather than 3-hours) of biology electives.
5Sufficient courses at 3000-4000 level to constitute a total of 40 hours.
TDesignates a block of courses that would provide for a seamless transfer into this program if equivalent courses are taken at another college or university.

 

Minor Biology

The minor in biology is available to students who wish to add to their knowledge of this increasingly important field for personal edification or for professional purposes, but choose not to complete a major in biology. The minor in biology requires 20 hours of courses:

BIOL 1014 Introduction to Biological Sciences or BIOL 1114 Principles of Biology
BIOL 2124 Principles of Zoology
BIOL 2134 Principles of Botany
*BIOL Electives (8 hours of 3000 or 4000 level)
*No more than one credit hour can be a seminar course

Fisheries and Wildlife Science

Dr. John Jackson, Director
McEver Hall, Room 114
(479) 964-3226
jjackson@atu.edu

The fisheries and wildlife science program is a professional program designed to prepare qualified field and research biologists, as well as to provide a sound foundation for those students who intend to pursue graduate studies in wildlife biology, fisheries biology or field ecology. Through selection of elective courses, graduates are required to meet certification requirements of The Wildlife Society or the American Fisheries Society.

Field biologists are employed by various state and federal agencies concerned with natural resources management including the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality, National Park Service, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Employment opportunities in the private sector are also available. Timber, mining, and utility companies hire field biologists for advice and management of industrial lands. Environmental consulting firms, commercial fish and game farms, and nature centers require qualified researchers, technicians, and educators.

Majors in fisheries and wildlife science must complete a minimum of 120 semester hours as specified in the following curriculum outline. No more than 12 hours of “D’s” may be applied toward the degree. Candidates for graduation are expected to complete a comprehensive series of practical and technical exams to assess mastery of program objectives.

Curriculum in Fisheries and Wildlife Science

Degree Completion Plan Beginning in Fall Semester
Freshman
Fall Spring
ENGL 10131,T 3 ENGL 10231,T 3
Social Sciences1,T 3 Social Sciences1,T 3
MATH 1113T 3 CHEM 1113 and CHEM 1111 or CHEM 2124T 4
BIOL 1114 4 BIOL 2124 4
FW 1001 1
Total Hours 14 Total Hours 14
 
Sophomore
Fall Spring
Speech 3 U.S. History/Government1,T 3
BIOL 2134 4 FW 2833 3
CHEM 2204 or CHEM 3254T 4 FW 2013 3
Statistics2, FW 3084,3,F or FW 31543,W 3-4 FW 3114 4
Statistics,2 or FW 31443,W 3-4
Total Hours 14-15 Total Hours 16-17
 
Junior
Fall Spring
BIOL 4044W or electives4 4 Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3
FW 3173 or Calculus 3 BIOL 30043,W or Electives4 4
FW 40143,W, FW 40643,W or electives4 4 FW 3053 3
Electives4 3 FW 40243,F or Electives4 4
Electives4 3
Total Hours 14 Total Hours 17
 
Senior
Fall Spring
FW 40133,W or FW 40433,F 3 Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3
FW 4103 3 FW 4001 1
Electives4 9 FW 4003 3
FW 4083 3
Electives4 5
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 15
 
1See appropriate alternatives or substitutions in "General Education Requirements". One of the social sciences must be ECON 2003, Principles of Economics I.
2Statistics must be taken either fall or spring term.
3F and W superscripts designate courses required for certification in fisheries and wildlife, respectively. Students can choose between FW 3154 and FW 3144, FW 4014 and FW 4064, and BIOL 3004 and BIOL 4044 for wildlife certification. Meeting requirements for fisheries or wildlife certification is a requirement for graduation.
4Must include at least two courses from the biology group (BIOL 3174 physiological ecology, BIOL 3034 genetics, BIOL 4064 evolutionary biology, BIOL 3064 parasitology, AGPM 3104 entomology, BIOL 3184 animal behavior, BIOL 3004 plant taxonomy, BIOL 4044 dendrology, BIOL 4094 coastal ecology), one W or two F courses from the physical science group (any physics course, AGSS 2014 soils, GEOL 1014 physical geology,GEOL 3083 hydrology), and three 3000-4000 level fisheries and wildlife courses. Sufficient additional electives to produce 120 total credit hours are required for graduation.
TDesignates a block of courses that would provide for a seamless transfer into this program if equivalent courses are taken at another college or university.

 

Allied Health Science Programs

The allied health science programs include a four-year curricula in health information management and in medical technology. Statements and curricula for these programs are listed below.

Health Information Management

Dr. Melinda Wilkins, Director
Dean Hall
(479) 968-0441
mwilkins@atu.edu

The degree program in health information management prepares the student for a professional career as an active member of the modern health-care team. In this age of increased computerization and data analysis, the health information management field is an exciting new area with virtually unlimited possibilities. The health information management administrator is an expert in the world of health record systems. He/she is responsible for obtaining complete health records for use in research; for gathering statistical information on which to base long-range health planning goals; for determining the legitimacy of requests for confidential medical information; for controlling the circulation and integrity of health records; and, as department head, is responsible for efficiency of the health information department employees in the performance of daily activities.

The health information department in a medical facility has in its care all the documentation regarding patient-care, physician as well as ancillary information. Responsibility for data validity and integrity play a major role in the health information profession. He/she must be progressive, conscientious, tactful, and knowledgeable, as much work is accomplished in cooperation with other allied health professionals. Above all, the health information professional must adhere to the Code of Ethics of the American Health Information Management Association and to the appropriate institutional behavioral codes that apply.

Professional practice is scheduled at affiliated hospitals in nearby cities for a period of six hours per week during the fall and spring semesters for senior HIM majors. The management affiliation may be assigned to a hospital in a distant city for four weeks (40 hours per week) and normally occurs in the summer immediately following the senior year. Students are responsible for all transportation and lodging expenses during these assignments; however, every effort will be made to minimize such costs.

Students must make at least a “C” in each of the professional courses and demonstrate their proficiency in professional practice and management-affiliation. Upon successful completion of the program, the student is granted a Bachelor of Science degree in health information management and becomes eligible to write the national certification examination. The student already holding a baccalaureate degree may apply for the HIM program as specified in the Application Guidelines and work toward another baccalaureate degree provided the pre-professional course of study has been completed to establish eligibility to write the national certification examination. Registered health information technicians are urged to contact the Program Director for information regarding RHIA progression. The national certification examination is offered year-round by the American Health Information Management Association.

Special instructions for transfer students: transfer of courses to meet specific Health Information Management Program requirements have a grade of at Least C. Lower-level courses (numbered in the 1000"s and 2000"s) from other institutions cannot be transferred to meet upper-level (3000-4000) HIM course requirements; however, they may be used as general electives. Transfer of upper-level courses to meet HIM requirements is subject to validation by the HIM Program.

The application process for the Health Information Management Program is as follows:

Program Application Guidelines

  1. Application for upper level professional HIM courses must be on file with the HIM Program Director by March 15th prior to the year you wish to take HIM courses.
  2. To be eligible for application interview, the following must be on file: Application, current copy of all applicable transcripts, including a cumulative GPA of 2.5 on a 4.0 scale, and COMPASS/ACT scores.
  3. Applicants may be required to complete an interview with an interview team. Consideration will be given to areas such as:
    • Dedication and perseverance
    • Aptitude
    • Knowledge of HIM profession
    • Professional appearance
    • Flexibility
    • Realistic career goals
    • True desire to enter HIM profession
    • Ability to finish HIM program within prescribed time
  4. Candidates will be ranked based on GPA and number of prerequisite courses completed. The top twenty will be selected. A ranked order waiting list will be maintained by the HIM Program Director.
  5. Candidates will be notified prior to pre-registration for the fall semester. If accepted, candidates must return a signed statement acknowledging acceptance. Candidates must register for courses indicated on the degree plan. Any change in degree plan requires approval of the student’s HIM faculty advisor. Candidates must notify the program director of change in degree choice.
  6. A late application deadline of August 15th will be observed if positions are available. Late applicants will be notified as soon as possible or during the week of late registration.
  7. If a candidate fails a course that would preclude graduation, or does not earn at least a “C” in HIM courses, reapplication to the HIM Program will be required.

The Health Information Management Program is accredited by the Commission on the Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM) in cooperation with the American Health Information Management Association’s Council on Accreditation

Curriculum in Health Information Management

Suggested Sequence of Courses
Freshman
Fall Spring
ENGL 10131,T 3 ENGL 10231,T 3
Social Sciences1,T 3 Science w/labT 4
MATH 1113T 3 BUAD 2003T 3
TECH 1001 1 SPH 2003T 3
AHS 1023 3
Total Hours 13 Total Hours 13
 
Sophomore
Fall Spring
U.S. History/Government1,T 3 Social Sciences1,T 3
BDA 2003T 3 Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 6
BIOL 2004T 4 COMS 2233T 3
AHS 2013 or ACCT 2003T 3 AHS 2013 or ACCT 2003 3
Elective 1
Total Hours 13 Total Hours 16
 
Junior
Fall Spring
MGMT 3003 3 MGMT 4023 or HA 4113/RP 4113 3
PSY 2053T 3 HIM 3033 3
HIM 3023 3 HIM 3043 3
HIM 3153 3 HIM 3132 2
HIM 4153 3 HIM 3133 3
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 14
 
Senior
Fall Spring
HIM 4034 4 MGMT 4013 3
HIM 4063 3 HIM 4073 3
HIM 4093 3 HIM 4083 3
HIM 4182 2 HIM 4203 3
HIM 4983 3 HIM 4292 2
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 14
 
Senior
Summer    
HIM 4892 2    
HIM 4895 5    
Total Hours 7    
 
1See appropriate alternatives or substitutions in "General Education Requirements".
TDesignates a block of courses that would provide for a seamless transfer into this program if equivalent courses are taken at another college or university.

 

Medical Technology

Dr. Charles J. Gagen, Head
McEver Hall, Room 34D
(479) 968-0294
cgagen@atu.edu

Arkansas Tech University, in affiliation with approved schools of medical technology, offers a four-year program leading to the bachelor of science degree and to certification as a medical technologist. The affiliated schools of medical technology are accredited by the Council on Medical Education and Hospitals of the American Medical Association.

The first three years of the curriculum are taught on the Tech campus and the fourth (professional) year is taught at one of the affiliated schools of medical technology. Admission to the professional year is on a competitive basis, and students must meet the admission standards of the medical technology school.

Personnel with Medical Technology Affiliated Institutions

Baptist Health Schools, Little Rock, Arkansas: John E. Slaven, M.D., Medical Director, School of Medical Technology; Jennie Kyle, M.P.H., MT (ASCP) S.H., Program Director, School of Medical Technology.

St. John’s Regional Medical Center, Joplin, Missouri: Susan O. Pintado, M.D., Medical Director, School of Medical Technology. Karen Adkins, MA ED, MT (ASCP), Program Director, School of Medical Technology.

To qualify for the bachelor of science degree, the student must satisfactorily complete at least 82 credit-hours specified in the curriculum below and be accepted by one of our affiliated schools of medical technology, listed above, for the senior year. During their senior (professional) year of residency (52 weeks of class) at one of the affiliated schools of medical technology, successful candidates will complete 38 to 40 credit hours for a total of at least 120 credit hours. This experience is an all or nothing situation where the student must satisfactorily complete the entire program to bring any of the credit toward this degree.

Tuition and fees for courses taken the senior year at one of the affiliated medical technology schools will be assessed at the current rate charged by the affiliated school and are payable to Arkansas Tech University. Financial aid and scholarship arrangements are also made by Tech; however students are also encouraged to contact the affiliated medical technology schools for possible additional opportunities.

Upon successful completion of the final year at an affiliated medical technology school, a student is eligible for a bachelor of science degree, as well as being eligible to write the National Board Examination for licensure. This examination is given at various times throughout the year by the Board of Registry of the American Society of Clinical Pathologists.

Curriculum in Medical Technology

Suggested Sequence of Courses
Freshman
Fall Spring
ENGL 10131,T 3 ENGL 10231,T 3
BIOL 1011T 1 BIOL 2004T 4
BIOL 1114 or BIOL 2124T 4 CHEM 2134T 4
CHEM 2124T 4 MATH 1203T 3
MATH 1113T 3
Total Hours 15 Total Hours 14
 
Sophomore
Fall Spring
U.S. History/Government1,T 3 Social Sciences1,T 6
Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3 Fine Arts & Humanities1,T 3
BIOL 2022 2 PSY 2003 3
BIOL 2023 3
AHS 2013 3
Total Hours 14 Total Hours 12
 
Junior
BIOL 3054T 4    
BIOL 3034, BIOL 3064, BIOL 4023 or BIOL 40332 7-8    
CHEM 2204, CHEM 3245, CHEM 3254, CHEM 3264, CHEM 3344, or CHEM 44142 12-13    
Electives 2-4    
Total Hours 25-27    
 
Senior
Condensed course category - final year completed off-campus at one of our affiliated schools of medical technology      
MEDT 4001-9 38-40    
Professional coursework meeting all requirements of the affiliated medical technology school      
       
       
Total Hours 38-40    
 
1See appropriate alternatives or substitutions in "General Education Requirements".
2Must have a total of 12-13 hours of upper-level chemistry, 7-8 hours of upper-level biology, and a total of 25 to 27 hours in the junior year to reach the total 80-82 hours required before entering the senior year off-campus. The senior year consists of 38-40 hours depending on which affiliate school program the candidate completes. Thus, a minimum of 120 hours for on and off-campus hours is required.
TDesignates a block of courses that would provide for a seamless transfer into this program if equivalent courses are taken at another college or university.