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Biology Course Descriptions

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BIOL 1004: Principles of Environmental Science

Cross-listed: PHSC 1004

Offered: On demand

This course is designed to bring the student to a basic but informed awareness of and responsible behavior toward our environment and the role of the human race therein. The content will include a study of the philosophical and scientific basis for the study of ecosystems and the environment, the nature of ecosystems, the techniques used to study the environment, the origin and development of current environmental problems, the interdisciplinary nature of environmental studies, the processes of critical thinking and problem solving, and the moral and ethical implications of environmentally-mandated decisions.

Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 1011: Orientation to the Biological Sciences

This course orients entering students to the biological sciences. Topics examined in this course include an overview of the Tech Department of Biological Sciences and careers in biology, managing a biology curriculum (registration procedures, student responsibilities, and study skills), requirements for professional schools and graduate education, and undergraduate research opportunities.

BIOL 1014: Introduction to Biological Science

ACTS Common Course - BIOL1004

An introduction to the major concepts of biological science, with an emphasis on the development of this scientific perspective and how it applies to humans.

Note: Duplicate credit for BIOL 1014 and BIOL 1114 will not be allowed. May not be taken for credit after completion of BIOL 1114, 2124, or 2134.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 1114: Principles of Biology

ACTS Common Course - BIOL1014

Prerequisites: scores of 19 or higher on the reading, science reasoning and mathematics portions of the enhanced ACT or completion of MATH 0903 with a grade of C or higher, or a grade of C or higher in a science course.

An in depth study of biological principles and the interrelationships of biology with other sciences. Topics included are: cellular structure, intermediary metabolism and differentiation, population genetics, ecology, and evolution.

Note: Duplicate credit for BIOL 1014 and BIOL 1114 will not be allowed.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 2004: Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology

Prerequisite: A grade of C or higher in a science course or approval of the instructor.

This course is intended for students who have a need for basic studies in functional aspects of the organ systems of the human body.

Note: This course may not be taken for credit after completion of BIOL 2014, 3074, or equivalent.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 2014: Human Anatomy

ACTS Common Course - BIOL2404

Prerequisite: A grade of C or higher in a science course or approval of the instructor.

This is an introductory course in human anatomy which should be useful to students in the biological and health oriented fields. The course is designed to present an introduction to the unified concepts and data that contribute to a basic understanding of the structure of the human body. The course will include familiarization with essential technical vocabulary; reference to general functions of organs and organ systems; and brief encounters with histology, embryology, and comparative anatomy.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 2022: Medical Laboratory Orientation and Instrumentation, Laboratory

Offered: Fall

Prerequisites: A grade of "C" or higher in BIOL 1114 or BIOL 2124. Enrollment is limited to students enrolled in BIOL 2023.

Topics covered will include laboratory orientation, laboratory procedures/ techniques, introduction to clinical laboratory instrumentation (both manual and automated), quality control principles, and care of equipment.

Laboratory four hours weekly. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 2023: Medical Laboratory Orientation and Instrumentation

Offered: Fall

Prerequisites: Enrollment is limited to medical assistant and/or medical technology majors who have completed at least BIOL 1114 or BIOL 2124 (AHS 2013 recommended) with a grade of "C" or higher and are in the final year of their program at Tech.

This course is concerned with both the theoretical and practical application of a wide range of clinical duties performed by the medical assistant and medical technologist. Topics covered will include hematology, urinalysis, hematostatic processes, body chemistry, microbiology, and blood typing.

BIOL 2111: Environmental Seminar

Cross-listed: CHEM 2111, GEOL 2111

Offered: Spring

A seminar for students pursuing the environmental option of biology, chemistry, or geology and other students interested in environmental sciences.

BIOL 2124: Principles of Zoology

ACTS Common Course - BIOL1054

Prerequisites: Scores of 19 or higher on the reading and science reasoning portions of the enhanced ACT; or BIOL 1014 or BIOL 1114; or approval of the instructor.

A survey of the major animal phyla: morphology, physiology, and natural history.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 2134: Principles of Botany

ACTS Common Course - BIOL1034

Prerequisites: Scores of 19 or higher on the reading and science reasoning portions of the enhanced ACT; or BIOL 1014 or BIOL 1114; or approval of the instructor.

Introduction to the structure, function, classification, and importance of nonvascular and vascular plants.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 2144: Honors Zoology

Prerequisite: Admission to the Tech Honors Program or permission of the instructor.

An honors course which includes a survey of the major animal phyla: morphology, physiology, and natural history. The presentation will foster rational inquiry, critical thinking, and analytical skills in general and specifically toward discussions of evolution and associated implications for world views.

Note: Duplicate credit for BIOL 2124 and 2144 will not be allowed.

Lecture 3 hours, lab 2 hours.

BIOL 2881,2882,2883,2884: Special Topics in Biology

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

This course offers specialized instruction in an area of biological sciences that is not otherwise covered in the curriculum. The focus of the course will vary from offering to offering, thus the course may be taken more than once.

Note: BIOL 2884 includes a $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3004: Plant Taxonomy

Offered: Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114 and 2134 or permission of instructor.

An overview of the major principles of classification, identification, naming, and collection of representatives of vascular plants.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3014: Comparative Anatomy

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: BIOL 2124.

A comparative study of the vertebrate classes in terms of their organ systems. An emphasis is placed on evolution from aquatic to terrestrial forms and significant phylogenetic trends.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3024: Embryology

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: BIOL 2124.

A comparative study of the development of the frog, pig, and chick, and an introduction to human embryology.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3034: Genetics

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114 (or equivalent) with a grade of "B" or higher, MATH 1113 (or higher) and two semesters of chemistry.

Introduction to and discussion of the principles of Mendelian, molecular and population genetics with a strong emphasis on problem solving. Laboratory exercises will involve hands-on experience with microbes, plants, animals and fungi using traditional and molecular techniques.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3043: Conservation

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM/GEOL 2111.

A study of natural resources, their utilization in a technical society, and factors leading to their depletion.

BIOL 3054: Microbiology

Prerequisites: One semester of chemistry and one semester of biology.

An introduction to the microbial world with an emphasis on prokaryotes. Identification of bacteria based on staining, immunologic reactions, morphology and physiology. Symbionts and pathogens of human and domestic animals. Principles of control using chemical and physical agents. An overview of virology and immunology.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3064: Parasitology

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: BIOL 2124

A survey of parasitism in the various phyla. Special emphasis is given to parasites that affect humans.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3074: Human Physiology

Prerequisites: C grade or better in BIOL 2014, CHEM 1113 and CHEM 1111 or CHEM 2124.

An introduction to the function of vertebrate body systems, i.e., muscle action, digestion, circulation, nervous control, endocrine, metabolism and respiration, with special emphasis on the human body.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3084: Ichthyology

Cross-listed: FW 3084

Offered: Fall

Prerequisite: BIOL 2124

Systematics, collection, identification, natural history, and importance of fishes.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3104: Introduction to Entomology

Cross-listed: AGPM 3104

This course will introduce the student to insect diversity and the identification of the major families of insects. Laboratory time will be spent learning family characteristics and collecting and preserving insect specimens. Lecture will consist of topics such as insect diversity, morphology and physiology.

$25 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3111: Environmental Seminar

Cross-listed: CHEM 3111, GEOL 3111

Offered: Spring

A seminar for students pursuing the environmental option of biology, chemistry, or geology and other students interested in environmental sciences.

BIOL 3114: Principles of Ecology

Cross-listed: FW 3114

Prerequisites: BIOL 2124, BIOL 2134, and one semester of chemistry.

Responses of organisms to environmental variables, bioenergetics, population dynamics, community interactions, ecosystem structure and function, and major biogeographical patterns.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3124: General Physiology

Offered: Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114, BIOL 2124, BIOL 2134, and two semesters of chemistry.

An in depth study of basic physiology employing examples of both plants and animals.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3134: Invertebrate Zoology

Offered: Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114, BIOL 2124, BIOL 2134, and two semesters of chemistry.

Morphology, physiology, natural history and taxonomy of major invertebrate phyla. Laboratory maintenance and preservation techniques.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3144: Ornithology

Cross-listed: FW 3144

Offered: Spring

Prerequisite: BIOL 2124

An introduction to the biology of birds. The course covers aspects of anatomy, physiology, behavior, natural history, evolution, and conservation of birds. Laboratories address field identification and natural history of the birds of Arkansas.

Note: Students will be expected to participate in an extended 5-7 day field trip.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3154: Mammalogy

Cross-listed: FW 3154

Offered: Fall

Prerequisite: BIOL 2124

Taxonomy, identification, ecology, and study natural history of the mammals.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3174: Physiological Ecology

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114, BIOL 2124, BIOL 2134 and two semesters of chemistry.

An in-depth study of plant and animal adaptations and responses to different environmental conditions. Comparative physiology of major systems, mechanisms of adaptation and adaptations to challenging habitats will be studied.

$20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3184: Animal Behavior

Cross-listed: PSY 3184

Offered: Spring of even years

Prerequisites: sophomore standing in biology or psychology, or approval of instructor.

An introductory course in animal behavior covering behavioral responses in primitive and advanced animals exposed to a wide range of environmental and social conditions. Laboratory exercises will include field as well as in-lab exercises and will focus on observational techniques and analyses of behavioral patterns in vertebrates and invertebrates.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3213: Science Education in the Elementary School

Cross-listed: PHSC 3213

Prerequisites: Junior standing, ECED 2001, ECED 2002, and at least six credit hours in science.

An overview of the most recent and research-based strategies and techniques for planning, teaching, and assessing elementary science. Inquiry-based methods and other constructivist approaches as described in the National Science Education Standards will be emphasized. Design and execution of learning activities for an elementary school setting are required.

Note: To enroll in an internet section (TC1 or AT1) of this course, one of these prerequisite courses is required: COMS 1003, EDMD 3013, or equivalent.

Lecture two hours, laboratory two hours; three credit hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3223: Science Education in the Middle Level

Cross-listed: PHSC 3223

Offered: Spring

Prerequisites: 16 hours in science and MLED 2001.

This course is designed to provide pre-service teachers with an integrated approach to the teaching of science in the middle grades. Theoretical and practical aspects of teaching science will be explored and students will develop curricular materials based on their explorations.

Lecture two hours, laboratory 2 hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3224: Herpetology

Cross-listed: FW 3224

Offered: Spring of odd years

Prerequisite: BIOL 2124

The phylogeny, classification, physiology, behavior, and distribution of reptiles and amphibians. The Laboratory will stress identification of the species found in Arkansas.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3233: Science Education in the Secondary School

Cross-listed: PHSC 3233

Offered: Fall

Prerequisites: 16 hours in biology or 16 hours in physical science and SEED 2002.

This course will examine the issues of nature and history of science, developing lessons and assessments, and science education standards for the prospective secondary school teacher. Curriculum development, including assessment and planning skills, utilizing various instructional media and inquiry methodology are emphasized. Design and execution of learning activities for a secondary school setting are required.

Lecture two hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 3252: The Nature and Context of Science

Cross-listed: PHSC 3252

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: At least 12 hours of science courses.

This seminar course examines science from a holistic perspective. It will concentrate on examining how current science develops scientific knowledge including unifying concepts across scientific disciplines, the place of science within modern society, technology and its role in science and society, and current scientific methodology.

BIOL 3803: Applied Pathophysiology

Cross-listed: NUR 3803

Prerequisites: grade of C or better in BIOL 2014 and BIOL 3074.

This course focuses on the mechanisms and concepts of selected pathological disturbances in the human body. Emphasis is placed on how the specific pathological condition effects the functioning of the system involved, as well as its impact on all other body systems.

BIOL 4003: History and Philosophy of Science

Cross-listed: PHSC 4003

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: a Sophomore-level science course (or higher).

A course in the historical development and philosophical basis of modern science.

Note: BIOL (PHSC) 5003 may not be taken for credit after completion of this course.

BIOL 4014: Endocrinology

Offered: Spring of odd years

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114, BIOL 2124 and one semester of chemistry.

An in-depth study of the endocrine systems of animals with emphasis on vertebrates. Histology and embryology of endocrine organs or cell groups, mechanisms of stimulation, response, and actions plus comparative aspects of similar organs in different animal groups will be studied.

Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4023: Immunology

Prerequisites: Four hours each in biology and chemistry and/or consent of instructor.

An overview of the human immune system, including cellular and humoral defense mechanisms, immunity to infection, hypersensitivity, transplant rejection, and tumor destruction. Immune deficiency and autoimmune diseases. Antibody structure and the use of antibodies in medicine and research.

BIOL 4024: Limnology

Cross-listed: FW 4024

Offered: Spring

Prerequisite: BIOL(FW) 3114.

A study of physical and chemical processes in fresh water and their effects on organisms in lakes and streams. Laboratory sessions and field trips demonstrate limnological instrumentation and methodology.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4033: Cell Biology

Offered: Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114, BIOL 2124 or BIOL 2134 plus four additional hours of biology and one course from BIOL 3034, BIOL 3054, BIOL 4023 or CHEM 3343; eight hours of chemistry.

The primary goal of this course is to introduce the basic cell structures and the molecular mechanisms whereby the cell functions through the directed application of energy and processing of information. Topics include methods of cell study, cellular organelles and their ultrastructures, membrane structure and function, cell differentiation, and reproduction.

BIOL 4044: Dendrology

Offered: Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114 and BIOL 2134.

A study of woody plants with emphasis on field recognition throughout the year.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4054: Vertebrate Histology

Offered: Spring of even years

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114, BIOL 2124 and an additional four hours in biology.

A study of functional/structural relationship of cells, tissues, and organs. Exercises in the preparation and observation of tissues and development of general principles of micro techniques.

Lecture two hours, laboratory four hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4064: Evolutionary Biology

Offered: Spring of even years

Prerequisites: BIOL 3034 or permission of instructor.

This course focuses upon the principles and major concepts in evolutionary biology from a historical and contemporary viewpoint. Morphological and molecular evolution, population genetics, systematics, the fossil record, a history of life on earth, macroevolution, and adaptation are among the topics examined in this course.

Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4074: Molecular Genetics

Offered: Spring of odd years

Prerequisite: BIOL 3034

This course continues the material introduced in Genetics (BIOL 3034) with a focus upon the major concepts and techniques in contemporary molecular genetics. Current viewpoints of the gene, gene regulation, developmental genetics, recombinant DNA technology, genomics, proteonomics, and molecular evolution are among the topics examined in the course.

Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4083: Cancer Biology

Prerequisite: BIOL 3034

An in-depth study of major areas and topics in cancer biology, including etiology and epidemiology of cancer, impact of the human genome mapping project, molecular genetics and cell biology of cancer, cancer modeling and clinical aspects of human cancer.

BIOL 4094: Coastal Ecology

Offered: May Mini-Term

Prerequisites: BIOL 2124 and BIOL 2134 and one semester of chemistry.

A focused study of coastal ecology, as represented by the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Coastal plants, animals, their interactions, and relationship to the physical environment are explored.

Note: The course includes a required field trip to the Gulf Coast. Investigations are conducted in the marshes, bays, estuaries, bogs, and barrier island systems. Students bear the cost of food and a nominal housing fee.

$20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4111: Environmental Seminar

Cross-listed: CHEM 4111, GEOL 4111

Offered: Spring

A seminar for students pursuing the environmental option of biology, chemistry, or geology and other students interested in environmental sciences.

BIOL 4112: Biology Internship

Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing and consent of internship program director.

A supervised, practical experience providing BIOL majors with a hands-on, professional experience related to their career interests. The course will allow students to gain experience in an occupational environment. Students will be placed in positions under the direction of the internship program director and work supervisor. The program will emphasize application of classroom knowledge to career goals. Approximately 200 clock hours, a proposal, a log book or journal, a summary letter from the employment supervisor, and a written report are required.

Note: A maximum of four credit hours is allowed for BIOL internship.

BIOL 4114: Biology Internship

Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing and consent of internship program director.

A supervised, practical experience providing BIOL majors with a hands-on, professional experience related to their career interests. The course will allow students to gain experience in an occupational environment. Students will be placed in positions under the direction of the internship program director and work supervisor. The program will emphasize application of classroom knowledge to career goals. Approximately 400 clock hours, a proposal, a log book or journal, a summary letter from the employment supervisor, and a written report are required.

Note: A maximum of four credit hours is allowed for BIOL internship.

BIOL 4163: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

Cross-listed: FW 4163

Offered: Fall of even years

Prerequisite: A course in ecology or permission of instructor

The concepts of, processes that produce, and factors that threaten biological diversity are introduced and examined. Further emphasis is placed on unique problems associated with small population size, management of endangered species and practical applications of conservation biology.

BIOL 4701: Special Methods in Biology

Prerequisite: Admission to student teaching phase of the teacher education program.

Co-requisite: SEED 4909

Intensive on campus exploration of the principles of curriculum construction, teaching methods, use of community resources, and evaluation as related to teaching biology.

$20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4881,4882,4883,4884: Advanced Topics in Biology

Offered: On demand

Prerequisites: an upper level science course and consent of the instructor.

This course offers advanced instruction in an area of biological sciences that is not otherwise covered in the curriculum. The focus of the course will vary from offering to offering, thus the course may be taken more than once.

Note: BIOL 4884 includes a $20 laboratory fee.

BIOL 4891: Seminar in Biology

Prerequisite: An upper level biology course and senior standing.

Designed to integrate all aspects of biology by covering current topics in many fields of biology and to acquaint the student with fields of biology not covered in the general curriculum.

BIOL 4951,4952,4953,4954: Undergraduate Research in Biology

Offered: On demand

Prerequisite: Departmental approval

Advanced students carry out independent research activity relating to a significant problem in a major field of study. Supervised by faculty member. Formal report and presentation required. One to four credits depending on problem selected and effort made.